When I think of basketball there’s 2 things
that first pop into my mind. The first is Space Jam… and the close second? Is Slam Dunk. Slam Dunk, one of the biggest sports manga
and anime of all time, and I believe that it changed the scope of basketball in Japan forever.
NOW I’m no basketball guru. And so, thanks to our talented writer and
researcher Rebeca, I can look and sound professional. In America in 1976, the NBA absorbed the smaller
competition league, the ABA, and became the NBA we know today. And in 1980, Magic Johnson led the Los Angeles
Lakers to a championship victory–in his rookie year. It was the beginning of a dramatic new age
for basketball, a decade which saw some of the most internationally acclaimed players
of the game rise to legendary status. Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Michael Jordan,
Moses Malone…I could go on. But our story starts halfway across the globe,
in Japan, where basketball wasn’t just unpopular, it was virtually unheard of. Internationally broadcast sports were rare
they still are–how often do you catch international sports events on local TV even today? This is a trick question because I actually
don’t watch sport- Licensing fees for re-broadcasting sports events from abroad were expensive,
and most people in Japan only got public TV channels. This was a world without the internet. Remember watching anime on fansubbed video
cassette tapes, or reading about the latest series in expensive anime news magazines,
or ordering overseas for authentic merchandise only to wait several months and not get the
package cause it got lost by the postal service? You have to imagine that being a fan of a
largely Western sport craze when you were growing up in Japan was kind of like that. However, the sport basketball had been around
in Japan since at least 1930 (when the first japanese basketball league was formed), and
many schools in Japan had indoor gymnasiums that could be used for sports in all seasons,
and basketball was a common team sport for youth. In 1990, millions of kids were already playing
basketball for school teams across Japan. So while not many people followed professional
basketball, quite a few teens in the 80s would have played it. One such kid was Takehiko Inoue, who started
playing basketball in high school purely to impress girls. But he fell in love with the game itself and
became a basketball super-fan. Inoue was a fan of sports manga, and also
liked to draw. His two passions, basketball and manga, would
eventually lead him to create the internationally legendary manga….Slam Dunk. As Inoue was becoming a basketball fan in
Japan, the NBA was thriving in the US. Inoue’s favorite NBA team was the Los Angeles
Lakers–nicknamed “Showtime”–the team of living legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Magic
Johnson himself. The Lakers played an exceptionally fast-paced,
exciting “run-and-gun” style of basketball, and won 5 championships within a 9-year span
during the 80’s. Inoue was already a working manga artist in
1990, but had not yet drawn his own original series. He started writing a story about a high school
basketball player–a punk who started playing basketball to impress a girl he liked–sound
familiar..? Slam Dunk, the manga, debuted in Weekly Shonen
Jump in October 1990. The hero character, Sakuragi, has striking
red hair and a bad attitude– but really he was just a normal, hot-blooded teenage boy
whose heart’s desire was to date Haruko-san, the cutest girl in school, who loved basketball! To win her heart, Sakuragi declared that he
would become the greatest basketball player. Slam Dunk wasn’t just the first basketball
manga to be popular–it was the very first published manga about basketball–ever. Allegedly, Inoue’s editor even warned him
away from the subject, saying “Basketball was a taboo in this world”. Inoue was charting unknown territory, and
it’s a testament to his skill as an artist that Slam Dunk was given the green light at
all. No one could have predicted that a manga about
basketball would become so popular–so why *was* it popular? Sakuragi is not the typical sports manga hero. He gets into fights, antagonizes everyone
in the world except his beloved Haruko-san, and has no patience or respect for learning
how to actually play basketball. But his chaotic energy and bull-headed stubbornness
endear him to the serious team captain Akagi. Sakuragi’s narrative journey is to go from
thinking basketball is stupid, to loving itwith all his heart. He draws the reader in, as we hope for this
anti-hero to win against all those who would write him off as a useless trouble-maker. To the knowledgeable basketball fan, Slam
Dunk’s characters make many direct and indirect references to the NBA, which Inoue would have
followed closely from magazines and rare broadcasts. Some fans compare Sakuragi’s playing style
and character appearance to the NBA player Dennis Rodman–“a genius with no respect for
the rules”, both play the power forward position, have a flashy appearance, and wear the jersey
number 10. By the same logic, Sakuragi’s “rival”,
Rukawa, can be compared to Michael Jordan–criticized for being arrogant, but undoubtedly a basketball
prodigy (and both wore #23). Both Jordan and Rukawa even wear a black armband
(though, if we want to get technical, Jordan was a shooting guard and Rukawa was a small
forward). The captain Akagi is a dopplegangar for Patrick
Ewing, even wearing his number 4 jersey, and playing the same position (center). Now I and most non basketball fans didn’t
know these facts but Inoue added them anyway–he was creating this story firstly, and most
importantly, for himself. He was also creating a bridge for new fans
to find these connections later, as they waded into basketball, and for basketball fans who
would, later, find Slam Dunk, and become fans of manga through it. Slam Dunk immediately enthralled the Shonen
Jump audience–which already had a weekly readership of over 2 million, thanks to popular
series like DragonBall that were also running in it. Young readers would write to him that they
started playing basketball after reading Slam Dunk. Inoue was inspired and encouraged by this,
to keep pushing himself to make the basketball game details even more realistic and exciting. Even if readers of Slam Dunk had no other
access to news and knowledge about basketball, they could come to love it through Slam Dunk. What set Slam Dunk apart from a lot of previous
sports manga was its anarchic humour–born from a genuine love of the game. Sakuragi is the prototypical fool character–constantly
disrupting gameplay, antagonizing his own teammates, the coaches, and his friends. He actively works to thwart the plot from
moving forward smoothly, which is both frustrating and entertaining. The humor of Slam Dunk also pokes fun at the
hypocrisy of sports culture–the idolization of players as mythological heroes, of the
game itself as a romantic ideal. He perfectly captures the *feeling* of playing
sports as a youth–not just the hard work and dedication, but the freedom, absurdity,
and enjoyment that comes with it. It was this same art style which helped Slam
Dunk appeal to fans of all ages and genders. Slam Dunk sparked a large female following. Its two central characters, Sakuragi and Rukawa,
with their intense and often violent rivalry, were both very handsome and beau tifully drawn. Their story, as much as the story of Sakuragi’s
crush on Haruko-san, kept fans enthralled. Their rivalry burned, slowly, into a subtle
mutual respect and trust. Successful manga artists Chica Umino (creator
of Honey & Clover) and Yamane Ayano (creator of Crimson Spell, Finder, all-around yaoi
queen), among many others, cut their teeth in the 90’s doujinshi scene drawing Slam
Dunk fanbooks. Whether you’re a kid still figuring out
teammate dynamics or a young adult yearning for a relationship built on equal ground,
the story reaches beyond the sport–Slam Dunk is a story about love. Fun fact, Inoue requested in an artist corner
in the 2nd chapter of Slam Dunk for readers to send in “lost love songs” for Sakuragi. It was a fun little joke request for readers
to contact him, but hel wrote later in an afterword in Chapter 10–only 8 weeks later!! –That he received an overwhelming amount
of letters and fan-written songs. While Slam Dunk was just getting started in
Japan, over in America the NBA was revving up for another spectacular decade, on the
backdrop of a global shift towards open communication and commerce. 1990 was the perfect time to come into NBA
fandom. In November of 1990, The NBA became the first
sports league to host any of its regular season games internationally, bringing the Utah Jazz
and Pheonix Suns to Tokyo, Japan for two games. From what I can tell of the packed stadium,
the games went over well with Japanese viewers. During the 90-91 season the Chicago Bulls
with their star shooting guard, Michael Jordan started to really get things going. The Bulls defeated the Lakers in the final
round of the playoffs, and claimed their very first franchise league title in 1991. They would go on to win the championship in
92 and 93 for an unprecedented three-peat, the first in the NBA since 1966. 1991 was also the year Magic Johnson, one
of the greatest basketball players of all time, abruptly retired from the NBA due to
contracting HIV in the midst of the AIDs crisis. The Cold War ended in ‘91, and international
broadcasting began to blossom, the global populations’ curiosity ignited for news
and open communication. And the 1992 Olympics brought American basketball
stars to that hungry global audience. Nicknamed “The Dream Team” by the press,
the USA men’s basketball team was deep–Michael Jordan, Larry Bird, Charles Barkley, Patrick
Ewing…and even Magic Johnson, who came out of retirement to represent his country. Guess who won the gold. Go on. Guess. USA won. The NBA would return to Japan in November
1992 for another pair of games, this time between the Supersonics and the Rockets, to
a sellout crowd of 15,640 at Yokohama Arena. For context, Madison Square Garden and Staples
Center hold around 20,000 seats. I can only imagine that crowd had a number
of manga fans in its seats, eager for a glimpse of the players that inspired Slam Dunk–Perhaps
Inoue himself was there. The NBA would return to Japan in 94, 96, 99,
and finally in 2003, each time to sellout crowds of thousands. Clearly, the NBA saw the potential profits
to be made by selling their product to the Japanese audience–but whether they were aware
it was in large part due to a manga, is unclear. The Slam Dunk anime began airing on TV Asahi
in 1993 and ran until 1996 for a whopping 101 episodes, and spawned 4 made-for-TV movies. The people wanted more basketball. In 1994, “NBA Weekly” a half-hour sports
news show, began airing on TV Tokyo on Sundays. By Spring 1995, NHK-BS showed an average of
2 games per week during the NBA season, and TV Asahi aired 1 game per month as well. It’s difficult to measure Slam Dunk’s
exact impact on the popularity of basketball during its publication, except to say that,
yes, it definitely was changing things. More and more kids were joining their junior
and high school basketball teams. The number of players competing at some level
in the various school and rec leagues grew by 1 million people between 1990 and 1995. Basketball fashion became popular, too–basketball
shoes, jerseys, and hairstyles were becoming ingrained in fashion across the globe, and
“sneakerheads” obsessively collected every newly released pair of shoes on the market. Inoue even parodied sneakerheads in Slam Dunk–the
owner of a shoe store where Sakuragi is shopping exclaims that he’s collecting all the Air
Jordan editions. Sakuragi, of course, immediately bullies him
into giving him a pair for free. Undeniably, it wasn’t just basketball culture
that was popular with Japanese youth, but black & hip-hop culture as well. Though not mutually exclusive, basketball
and hip-hop culture, which both heralded many black American superstars, had a strong impact
on Japanese youth fashion, music, and pop culture in the late 80s and early 90s. Inoue worked this aesthetic into his character
designs. Captain Akagi sports the same signature haircut
as his NBA doppelganger Ewing, an obvious homage, and many of the characters sport hip-hop-style
street clothes and hairstyles. The 90s was the golden age of Japanese street
fashion, and Slam Dunk helped elevate basketball fashion into Japanese popular culture. The traditional sports manga hero comes from
humble beginnings, and often starts playing the game accidentally or unexpectedly. They act as our in-road to understanding the
sport itself. But they almost always have a goodness that
endears them to the team, and sets them apart from selfish or bully-type characters. Their sport is a tool for spreading goodwill,
converting people to be their followers. The choice between playing and quitting is
easy–their life is better, less challenging, more fulfilling, through playing the game. It’s a seductive dream, one that any sports
fan knows too well. If you have talent, your journey to victory
is set in the stars, rising forever, never having to return to solid ground. But the Shohoku team have the odds stacked
against them–despite the team captain Akagi’s dreams of winning a championship, their team
struggles. Yes, they begin to miraculously rise from
obscurity as our protagonist improves his skills, but the characters of Slam Dunk are
often burdened by reality–bad grades, school fights, health concerns and even crippling
injury. Despite it all, the Shohoku team improve in
break neck speed–in one short season, they qualify for the national inter-high championship
for the first time in 6 years. The final anime episode ends with them boarding
the train to the tournament, determined to win. Inoue had been a player, too–and probably
understood the duality of the escapism and over-simplification of the sports narrative
and the realities of the sacrifice that goes into training and holding a team together. He weaves this question into his story–the
question becomes the climax of the manga series–even if the game takes everything from you, and
gives you nothing back–Do you love basketball? In the 95-96 NBA season, the Chicago Bulls,
with a freshly un-retired Michael Jordan, traded for the bad boy Dennis Rodman mid-season. Jordan and Rodman, who, notoriously, didn’t
get along off the court (remind you of anyone…), nonetheless played beautifully together, and
the Bulls won an unprecedented 72 games out of 82, the most of any NBA team in history. They claimed the championship after a dramatic
playoff series.. In a way, to a Slam Dunk fan, it must have
seemed like life imitating art. The Bulls hoisted the championship trophy
on June 16th, 1996. Slam Dunk released its final chapter on June
17th. What a coinkidink… Slam Dunk is a “king of manga”. The collected volumes have sold over 170 million
copies in Japan alone. It’s still one of the bestselling manga
in Japanese history, behind only a handful of classics like One Piece, DragonBall, and
Naruto. Many basketball fans today–all over the world–contribute
their first introduction to basketball to reading Slam Dunk. And the manga is still popular among young
readers today, continuing to inspire readers to love both manga and basketball. Love for basketball, in Japan, has grown since
Slam Dunk, but still has far to go. In 2006, Inoue and his publisher founded the
“Slam Dunk Scholarship”, a basketball scholarship that would pay for a Japanese
student to attend school in America & play for an American high school team, opening
up the possibility for them to be drafted to the NCAA, a.k.a. the college basketball
league. Inoue has stated that he hoped this scholarship
would help continue to enrich the basketball culture in Japan, by giving young basketball
players a dream to shoot for. While fandom for the NBA has thrived since
the early 90s, Japan has struggled to form a unified and successful professional basketball
league of its own. The JBL was the only basketball league in
Japan until 2005, when the BJ league was formed as a competitor. FIBA, the international basketball association,
locked Japan out of international competitions in 2012 until it could merge the two leagues. In 2015, the B League was announced, merging
teams from both leagues. The B League launched in 2016, and today hosts
36 teams, with a robust season of 60 games. Their rosters are a mix of local talent and
American immigrants. One such transplant is J.R. Sakuragi of the
Aisin Sea Horses–formerly J.R. Henderson, who changed his name to apply for Japanese
citizenship so he could play for the Japanese national team. But did Sakuragi change his name to emulate
the hero of Slam Dunk? No, he says humbly, it was just a coincidence. But perhaps just such a coincidence that might
entice manga fans to take notice. Basketball is reportedly an especially popular
sport for high school girls. The Japan women’s national basketball team
is one of the best in the world, winning gold at three FIBA Asia championships since 2010,
and a frenzy of other world medals besides. This is a team whose roster would have likely
grown up reading and watching Slam Dunk. Team Japan and the B League may be fledgling,
but they are a world apart from the non-existent basketball culture of Japan in the 80s. And Slam Dunk is still selling copies, drawing
new fans in. In the final game of the manga series, Sakuragi
injures his back, and faces the possibility that he might not be able to play again–ever. But he stubbornly refuses to quit–a fool
to the very end. He re-joins the game, and helps his team to
an upstart victory. The team takes a group photo, before heading
to their final game–which we never see. All we get is a postscript explaining that
after such an exhaustive victory, their team would go on to be defeated in the final game,
and return home without the trophy. The epilogue is a letter written from Haruko-san
to Sakuragi, who is away from school recovering from his injury. Haruko writes that Rukawa has been drafted
into Japan’s “Dream Team”, but besides him, everyone has continued on with ordinary
life. Sakuragi and Haruko do not get together. The ending of Slam Dunk was sudden, and atypical
for such a long-running and beloved series. Basically, we are left unsatisfied. Slam Dunk is, itself, a sports anime. No, i mean, I know, it’s an anime about sports. I mean it’s–it’s like the hero of a sports
anime. Slam Dunk is Sakuragi. It showed up, fresh, irreverent, full of energy,
and with a simple desire–to be loved. Slam Dunk is Akagi–who loved basketball with
all its heart, and that pure love for the sport above all else was its strength. Inoue himself has compared his manga to a
living being–it began as a very personal project, created against the advice of so
many, but kept fighting. It grew along with its characters. The reason Slam Dunk is so popular isn’t because
Inoue accurately presented the game of Basketball–in fact, he stretched a lot of facts (in what
world do high school games sell out full arenas?? And why are his 3-point shots *always* wide
open). But what shone through was his earnest love
for the game. He chose to do something different, something
he, personally, was passionate about. Why did Inoue end the series when he did? Why so suddenly? Captain Akagi graduated without ever winning
a championship, and Sakuragi’s back injury was still healing in the short epilogue. Will he ever play again? That is left up to us, the reader. Do we believe Sakuragi will find his way back
to basketball, and achieve greatness? Or do we accept the final loss, the heartbreak,
and move on? The Slam Dunk anime ends after they defeat
Shoyo-Ryonan, before the inter-high tournament. Inoue has even said he thought about quitting
manga after he finished Slam Dunk. But he did something courageous, by leaving
behind a project that had garnered so much acclaim–setting himself loose when so many
other shonen manga creators would hang on to one series for decades. When Slam Dunk stopped running in ‘96, sales
for Shonen Jump Weekly plummeted. This is in part due to DragonBall ending its
serialization in that same year. Numbers for people playing basketball in school
also dropped by about 200,000 after 96, but would hold remarkably steady through to the
2000s. Despite Inoue forcibly moving his career forward
towards other projects, the impact of Slam Dunk would hold strong. Inoue began travelling around the world, even
living in LA for a year, near his beloved Lakers. He has stated in an interview how impressed
he was with sports culture in the US–that “Top players have responsibilities in the
society and are respected”, and that, in the US, sports fandom was just a way of life,
unlike in Japan, where even in 2006 it was still most common for Japanese youth to only
play sports in high school, and forget about the game after graduating. After Slam Dunk Inoue began drawing Buzzer
Beater, another basketball story but this time with a sci-fi twist. Then he created Vagabond, a critically acclaimed
manga about the legendary samurai, Miyamoto Musashi. And lastly Real, a seinen manga about the
sport of wheelchair basketball and the stories of the people involved. All of them containing the passion that Inoue
has for the exploration of humanity, life, tragedy and for Buzzer Beater and Real, love
of basketball–all themes I believe he began exploring with Slam Dunk. Maybe Slam Dunk turned people on to basketball,
but it was the story of Slam Dunk that people kept coming back for. Without the narrative, sports is just a game. Inoue tells a true story about the love of
sports–to accept the wins with the losses. No victory is set in stone, no star’s rise
guaranteed. To be a true sports fan, one must choose to
love the game anyway.
– Turn the ball a bit. Off spin…
– Like an off spinner. – Your hand is too high.
– Vikram: Oh. – Kedar: Keep it lower.
– Vikram: Lower? Yeah, this is fine. – What do I say to the umpire?
– Kedar: Actually… – Kedar: Umpire…
– Over the wicket or underground bowling? You’ve to say over the wicket
and go under the ground. Well, I’m not going to ask you to stand now because my standing height
and your sitting height is the same. – Vikram: I see..
– Kedar: So that’s perfect. Bhajji… Vikram: So there’s a huge difference
between us. – Yes.
– Vikram: And Mr. Harbhajan.. I’m not going to teach him anything.
I’ll learn from him. No, I have to learn how to bowl this ball. – No…
– Because I’ve never bowled this ball. – And normally, off spin goes straight.
– Yes. When a bowler spins,
it goes straight like this. Same holds good even for leg spin. He’s the only bowler in the world whose ball spins backwards. He bowls like how one spins a top. It’s an amazing way to bowl
and it’s impossible to copy his style. I have a question for you, Kedar. You’re from Pune, and people from Pune
are generally laid-back. No offence. When I played cricket as a kid,
we would bowl fast at first and then slow down
when we weren’t getting any wickets. I think your bowling style is inspired
from street cricket. Well, I completely agree with your statement about people from Pune being laid-back. You know, when I used to
practice bowling in nets… It happened at Dharamshala.
I vividly remember Mr. Dhoni asking me to be prepared
to bowl a couple of overs the next day in case any of the bowlers have a bad day. I used to bowl normal off spin
just like any other part-time off spinner. I mean, even the tenth batsman
would score runs off such bowling. Then I thought they’re going to hit me
no matter how I bowl. So, I started trying something different. I bowled one ball in that style
and it didn’t bounce at all. I bowled it outside the leg stump and Mr. Amit Mishra was batting at that time. He put his leg in front and left the ball. The ball landed over here
as I bowled it this way and it hit his pad. He said, “What the heck was that?” I replied, “I just bowled a ball.” Then Mr. Anil Kumble was our coach. I asked Mr. Anil to check my action and tell me if it’s okay to bowl
such a ball in a match. I bowled another ball in the same way. The ball came onto the stumps
after I released it but as a batsman, one might think
that it’s going to be wide. Mr. Anil Kumble told me
that as long as your hand is above your shoulder, that’s fine. Then I started bending my knees and… – You went lower.
– Absolutely. When I give commentary I thoroughly enjoy watching him bowl. Watching his bowling spells,
gives me a feeling that my commentary is getting better. Because it adds fun element
to the commentary. I haven’t seen such a bowling style
in international cricket before. Well, it’s good that he didn’t
play international cricket before otherwise he would’ve replaced me. Once I asked on Twitter as to what should we name such a ball. This is off spin and there’s a side spin too. But what do you call this one? “Can someone please tell me
what do you call such a ball?” I named it “Chakli bowling.”
Chakli means top. That means we are going to discover
a new ball on “What the Duck.” When I bowl at a batsman’s pad and appeal for LBW I think the fourth or third umpire in DRS
should tell the umpire that I’m not giving this batsman out because the ball is not reaching the stumps. Because the ball stops there and returns. You know, if I could ever… How will it help you?
You’re not going to get a wicket. Obviously not, but the batsmen will fear me because the ball’s not going
to reach the stumps. – So…
– It hits the stumps on the other end. So, as a batsman, you’re in trouble. – He’s a scientist.
– Vikram: Yes, he is. You were able to develop this new ball because of the chemistry
between you and MS Dhoni, right? – Yes, his bowling style…
– Vikram: I… Sometimes, I feel MS Dhoni must be made
the bowling coach of Indian team – after his retirement.
– No, sir. Let me also become something. What will we do if he does everything? He directs every ball before it’s bowled. Make him the director of cricket. – Did you have any similar experience?
– No.. Nothing of that sort happened with me but I remember one incident
when Kedar was bowling… There’s this opener from Afghanistan
who plays really good shots. – What’s his name?
– Shahzad. Shahzad. He was batting well
and getting the better of Indian bowlers. – He scored 100, if I’m not wrong.
– Yes. When Kedar came to bowl MS Dhoni told him not to bowl at stumps Harbhajan: and keep the ball away from him. I remember, he bowled a bit wide
and he got out. Vikram: Incredible. Mr. Bhajji, there’s one more incident. Champions Trophy, 2017. We were playing
against Bangladesh in semi-finals. I vividly remember this. Tamim Iqbal and Mushfiqur Rahim
were having a good partnership when I went to bowl. I bowled one over
and didn’t allow Tamim to score runs. So, after that over, Mr. Dhoni told me that if I bowl to him the next over as well he will try to hit me for a six. There are some players for whom
it becomes a matter of ego because they don’t like the idea
of a part-time bowler containing them. – So he thinks of taking on the bowler.
– Kedar: Yes. That’s what Mr. Dhoni told me. He said, “He’s going to step out
to hit you for a six “because it’s not easy to hit you for a six
on the back foot.” He told me to bowl at the stumps
and also bowl slow so that he can’t play that shot. Obviously that was there in my mind and I bowled a couple of fast balls at him so that he couldn’t step out. But when I was sure
that he’s going to swing his bat two hundred percent I bowled a slow ball. I mean, I let go of that ball
extremely slowly at his stumps. – And he swung his bat…
– Let go? He played the slog sweep,
and only after he completed his shot the ball went past him
and took the bails off. I still remember that. He let go of the ball! Just now he mentioned that Dhoni told him
it’s hard to hit him on the back foot. Anybody who succeeds in hitting him a six
on the back foot… I’m making this announcement on camera. The one to hit him for a six
on their back foot will be rewarded with Rs. 100 by me. It’s impossible to hit him a six
on the back foot. – The ball won’t reach the stumps.
– Yes. – Vikram: The ball…
– It’s impossible. But do you know what your ex-captain
said about you? He told me that if Harbhajan Singh
and Kumble are bowling then it’s difficult to stop them, because
they don’t listen to their captain at all. And when he asked you to take a break you ignored him and continued to bowl. Is that true? Who’s the ex-captain you are talking about? – Vikram: Virender Sehwag.
– Virender Sehwag. Well, I remember that match
where he was the captain. That test match took place in Ahmedabad. The ball had become pretty old
and I had already got four wickets. Then Viru walked up to me and asked
if he can take a new ball. I told him to go for it,
but I would continue to bowl. “I’d still bowl from this end.” “You can change the bowler at the other end.” I have worked hard for my four wickets. It only takes a few balls for a seamer
to get them out. Perhaps, I’ll be needing a few more balls,
but I’ll be the bowler. New ball or old ball, you would bowl. Yes, I would bowl. That’s because I’ve got four wickets
and I should get the fifth one too – which I deserve.
– Of course. Let’s talk a bit about batting. You’ve played two memorable… Actually,
you’ve played a lot of memorable innings. I remember one chase with MS Dhoni Vikram: and another with Virat Kohli. India versus England in Pune,
I think it was the first ODI. The running between the wickets
was so incredible and I thought you might
walk up to Virat anytime and tell him to slow down a bit. The fitness level was just great
and your fitness improved after that match. Tell us something about that. Well, I personally believe
that the fitness transition that has taken place in Indian Team
and in Indian cricketers is because of how seriously
Virat has taken that up. And everybody has been seeing the kind of fitness he has achieved
and the results he’s getting. He’s able to consistently perform
in all formats… Well, say this in Hindi now. – In Hindi?
– Yeah. – Please continue in English.
– Vikram: Tell us about your batting. – Sir…
– Vikram: You’re with your friends… – I know that I’m disturbing you.
– He… No. – Don’t mind me, okay?
– All right. – I’m following you.
– Well, you know… That match was my thirteenth ODI. We were playing in Pune. I was playing a club game
ten days before that and I had suffered an intercostal tear. Anyhow, I had to play this game. I’m a firm believer in signs. I feel that the universe gives you signs indicating that something
is being readied for you. So I thought, the match
was being played in Pune and I’m the first player from Pune
to play at his home ground for India. I had a feeling that the stage
was being set for me. When England was batting and when they were scoring runs I was glad and really wanted them
to score more so that I can bat too. – Vikram: Amazing.
– Because I knew, a score of 270 or 280 – will be easily chased by our top order.
– And you won’t get to bat. One of the top three batsmen will score
a century and the match will be over. So I was happy when they scored 300 and more. He must’ve been the only batsman
to make such a wish. “Please score 400
because I intend to score 200.” I was really happy. And when our batting started,
we lost wickets in quick succession. By the time I reached the dugout
after wearing my pads I guess, Mr. Dhoni got out and I didn’t even get a chance
to sit down there to get over my nervousness. I went straight to bat. And everything went in my favor that day. For instance, if I wanted to hit a four
with a square cut the bowler bowled outside
the off stump and I hit a four. More often than not, you know the positivity in you
will reflect in your game. It all depends on how you think. Coming back to our discussion on fitness when the Yo-Yo test was implemented – I was a bit anxious…
– This test is quite difficult. There were a lot of players
who worked out for strength but didn’t do cardio. But eventually when the time has passed – now I have realized, you know…
– Vikram: It was important. It was a very important step
which the management and Virat took and they stood by it. It has definitely given, not just me but our fast bowlers too,
the edge over others. We are winning test matches
because our bowlers are able to bowl at 140 kmph in the last session
of the fifth day. That’s our victory in terms of efforts. This is my opinion. As long as there’s a committed effort
from the eleven of us the result will be in our favor
most of the time. – Vikram: Well said.
– Yo-Yo test? When it was introduced for the first time I thought it was used to listen to music. – You mean, more like Yo-Yo Honey Singh.
– Yo-Yo. I decided to take up the test because Mr. Anil Kumble told me to do so. I thought it would be a cakewalk for me. I went there and was looking for a mic
to sing a song. Then they made me stand in a queue to run. But I told them I’m here for the Yo-Yo test.
They replied, “This is the Yo-Yo test.” But for me, Yo-Yo test was all about
music and singing. There’s music in the test,
but it is not a good one. – You only hear the beep sound.
– Beep… You have to reach the finish line
before the beep sound. – It increases your heart rate.
– Yes. You know, it must be three or four years ago that I thought Harbhajan Singh’s time was up. But when I look at you now you look so fit and younger. Is this transition influenced by Virat Kohli – Vikram: or you felt that…
– Well, I… If you look at this young team whether it’s Virat Kohli or Kedar… When I compare Kedar’s current fitness
with how he looked in the past I feel so proud of you. He has become lean and channelized his energy. You know, then I was newly married and I used to eat everything – and had put on a lot of weight.
– Vikram: Yes. And I was completely out of shape. I mean, I had fat everywhere. One fine day, he told me that I’m overweight and took me with him to a gym. – Vikram: Wow.
– And then Virat and Shikhar joined him. I didn’t open the door for two days
when they were knocking on it. I knew that it was them. But eventually I went and then I got used to it. Then I was determined to lose weight. And gradually, I lost weight. But there’s something
I found difficult to overcome. I was so fond of eating. I didn’t know how to go about it. But he became very strict with me and forbade me from eating several things. We used to have buffet
and there were Rasgullas on the menu. My mouth watered the moment I saw Rasgullas and I craved for them. There’s a song in Punjabi “I miss my dear friends” When I used to pass by the Rasgullas I would sing the same song.
I craved for them. But they didn’t let me eat it. Everybody knows that Harbhajan Singh
is a fearless bowler. But there’s one place where Harbhajan Singh stops being jovial and becomes quite serious. – Obviously, on the ground.
– No, not on the ground, in the flight. I have heard people say that even if there’s a small turbulence
in the flight you panic. Yes, I’m a bit scared of heights. Whenever we experience turbulence in a flight I start praying to God. You feel uneasy. I cannot tell you about the feeling. I panic, sweat and chant the Almighty’s name. Not just me, John Wright
was equally scared of turbulence. So, we were rivals. Whenever that happened the one sitting next to me would stare at me, amazed. And I would shout and tell him not
to stare at me and make things worse. Yes, I’m a bit scared of turbulence. I can’t do anything about it. Virender Sehwag told me
that he too was scared and when it would become unbearable he would sit down next to Sachin Tendulkar. You know, nothing can go wrong
when you have God’s company. I agree completely.
Even Hashim Amla had said that. – Vikram: Exactly.
– He echoed my statement. John Wright’s face would turn red. As red as a carrot! We would laugh at him
and he would be restless. He would not be at peace for as long as the turbulence continued. People do get scared but many of them pretend they do not. – You’re right.
– Vikram: That’s true. When the flight descends all of a sudden you get this strange feeling. Please don’t talk about that. When we experience turbulence
at great heights we start chanting the Almighty’s name. I cannot do anything but chant His name. I’m sure you’re not scared of anybody because you’re a fan of Salman Khan. That momentous day when you dedicated your century
to Salman Khan… Please do it once
and tell us the complete story. – Harbhajan: Dabangg!
– Sir, I definitely will but let me say something about fear first. One who has wronged someone is scared. One who hasn’t, need not be. So, why am I scared of turbulence? – No, that’s not what I meant.
– I mean… – Why should I…
– Vikram: It’s the pilot… It’s not even the pilot’s fault.
It all depends on the weather. I scored my first century against Zimbabwe
in that match. I made my debut at Ranchi
but was dismissed early. We went to Zimbabwe to play three ODIs. When I entered the Harare Sports Club
for the first time to practice I saw a board right above the stairs. “Harare Sports Club.
Established in March 1985.” It’s the same month and year of my birth. – So I thought…
– Vikram: Wow! This stadium and I started our journey
on the same day, same year. – Vikram: Fantastic!
– So, I thought it would be lucky for me. I had this belief during
the entire duration of the series. I was dismissed early in the first match. The second match had only six to seven overs. So, I had to go for quick runs. I was dismissed having scored
just 15 or 16 runs. So, I was playing the final one-day
of that series and it was my fourth ODI. I had failed to score in
the previous three ODIs. So, it was my last chance
to prove myself at the international level. I clearly remember I was on strike and had scored about 15 runs when I defended a ball and edged it. The keeper appealed,
but the bowler wasn’t confident. It did touch the edge. I was a bit nervous but I used my acting skills and looked normal. – Acting skills!
– So, the umpire dismissed the appeal. It was another sign that it was my day. I continued scoring runs and when I was on 40 Zimbabwe’s captain, Graeme Cremer,
bowled a googly. I went for a cut but it bounced hit the handle and was in the air,
towards point. When it was still in air – I visualized my career trajectory.
– Right! “Kedar Jadhav played four ODIs for India.” “Highest score, 40, against Zimbabwe.”
That’s it! I was praying to God. It was an extremely easy catch. – Harbhajan: A cakewalk.
– Yes. The Zimbabwe captain was already smiling but the ball bounced
and it was a missed catch. I thought, God had given me
enough opportunities… – You had to make the most of it.
– I wanted to make the most of it. I knew it was going to be my day and was certain to hit a century. A catch was dropped in the 41st over. On the second last ball of the 50th over I needed three runs. If I mistimed the ball and the strike was rotated I would stay on 98, not out as Stuart would play the last ball. So, I knew I had to score on that ball. So, I shuffled a little. The fast bowler panicked
and tried to follow me and ended up bowling a full toss.
I hit him for a sixer. I’ve been a big fan of Salman
since my childhood. It was the greatest moment of my life and I wanted to dedicate it to Salman Khan. I wanted to show him that I’m his fan. After celebrating,
I kept my bat and helmet down and started doing this. Udd Udd Dabangg Dabangg… I still remember what Harbhajan did. I watched him on the big screen.
He was doing the same. And it was… That was the best moment
of my life at that time. As a cricketer that was my first century
at the international level. I could dedicate it to my childhood hero, Salman Khan. I tasted success in cricket and could
also dedicate it to my childhood hero. It was a great feeling. – He walks exactly like Mr. Salman Khan.
– Harbhajan: Unbelievable! It’s even better. – Beautiful.
– No, that’s not true. He has great ability as a mimic. He can mimic Nana Patekar well. – Vikram: Come on, do it.
– Well… Rohit Sharma always asks me to. Let me ask you questions,
mimicking Ravi Shastri and you answer me,
mimicking Nana Patekar. – Kedar: Sir…
– I think, Kedar… Sorry. I think you played well, Nana. What do you think? I always perform well.
That’s why I am in the team. – Amazing.
– Vikram: Amazing. Let’s talk about Chennai Super Kings. Dwayne Bravo told me that
you rarely have team meetings. And MS Dhoni has maintained
that such meetings do not last for more than
six minutes. Why do you not hold
team meetings regularly? Team meetings are vital for
effective functioning of corporates. You rarely hold such meetings but your team is on a winning spree.
What’s the secret, sir? This time, I attended such a meeting
for the first time and asked for a cup of coffee. I sat down in my chair with a cup of coffee and the meeting started. Before I could take my first sip,
Fleming said, “Let’s go” and the team members were asked to disperse.
It didn’t last for more than a few minutes. I could only take a sip and had to walk out. This team believes in performing
on the ground instead of discussing what to do. Meetings create confusion
more than anything else. And so, we do away with meetings
and perform on the ground. – We focus on performance.
– Everyone knows what they need to do. That’s right.
Everyone calls us Dad’s Team. – And we are very proud to be called that.
– Yes, absolutely. We all are experienced players. And experience isn’t something
which comes easily – or you can get it…
– Vikram: You can’t buy experience. It demands a lot of hard work. As they say you have to go through
ups and downs to gain experience. You guys are called Dad’s Army. Having so many kids on the floor
where the CSK team stays is an advantage, isn’t it? Well, it’s my point of view. The other teams play a match
only once in three to four days but we play every day with the kids apart from playing one match
every three to four days. And so, we are more in touch
with the game… Playing with kids is much more difficult. It is a great method to put your patience and endurance to test. You have be creative enough to teach them – and go by their mood.
– Vikram: Wow! – It is more about adaptability.
– Harbhajan: Absolutely. If they have too many chocolates you should know how to tackle the situation. So, it encompasses everything. – Your leadership qualities are put to test.
– Yes. After the Yo-Yo test,
you have to pass the Crying-Test. This is called the Hammer Game. Now that I’ve tested your mental strength which you display on the ground I am going to test your physical strength. You have to pick up a hammer and hit this as hard as you can.
You played well last time. Let’s find out who scores more. Will there be a toss? No need for a toss.
You can see the score instantly. I mean, who’s going to go first? – You decide that.
– Well… – Senior’s discretion.
– You decide that. – Let’s go then.
– He will go first. An off spinner versus a semi-off spinner. This is our hammer game. Who’s going to go first? Kedar Jadhav. All right. Come on, sir. – Last year, you scored 907.
– 907. – Harbhajan: Wow!
– Vikram: Well done! – It’s a good knock.
– Kedar: Good… It’s 923. Well done! A record-breaking performance! – He’s amazing!
– Wonderful! Good luck, Mr. Harbhajan Singh. Wait, let me just fix my stiff back as well. – It was not a sound shot.
– Not a good hit. – It was not a sound shot.
– 1000… 1000… – It wasn’t a good shot.
– Vikram: It’s… – Vikram: Nine..
– It will easily touch 1000. No, it’s 897. Well done! Congratulations, Mr. Kedar Jadhav. You gave the new-generation player
an opportunity and he has made the most out of it. This era belongs to them. So, they should excel. Now, it is their duty
to take the legacy forward. This is a very important class
for all of you. You have to concentrate hard and draw a duck. – And…
– I have drawn enough ducks. How many more do you want? Hence, focus and draw a proper picture
of a duck. – Come on, Kedar.
– Yes. Your time starts now. You may use colors. Vikram: Mr. Harbhajan Singh,
if you pass this time your daughter will be proud of you. Nice! Amazing! I think I have drawn a tap. – Well done!
– Very good. Vikram: It is a masterpiece
that will sell for 10 million!
Have you ever had
one of those moments where you’re staring at your
phone waiting for a web page to load, you’ve got full
signal, and nothing’s happening? This kind of sucks, right? I mean, this site could
be the best thing ever. But if it takes too long to
load, I’m going to get bored, and I’m just going to
go do something else. Now get this. You have about one
second before a user starts to get distracted. One. So what causes a site
to have slow load time, and how do you fix it? My name is Matt Gaunt,
I’m a developer advocate, and I wanted to talk to you
about PageSpeed Insights, a tool which can be used to find
issues affecting your site’s load time, and give you some
tips on how you can fix them. So when you visit PageSpeed
Insights, you bash in your URL, and it’ll give you
a score out of 100, and highlight any problem
areas with your site. The focus of this
tool is to point out issues which, if fixed,
would improve your site’s overall load time and
make your users happier. The big question is, what do
you do with this information? Well, the most common problems
fall into three buckets. First, problems that can
be solved with build tools. For example,
and send less bytes down the wire, or mergine
multiple files, so rather than make four
requests, you only make one. The second set of
issues are focused on the structured your page. For instance, where you link
which need server side tweaks to enable things like
caching of your page assets. Let’s start off with
looking at build tools. Many of you may already be using
some kind of build tool today, but if you want,
then I recommend checking out Grunt or gulp js. These build tools are
picking up a lot of steam within the web
development community, and they’re fairly easy
to get to grips with. The main reason you’d
want to use a build tool is to automate any
set of tasks you’re going to run on your
project on a regular basis. And most build tools will allow
you to pull in third party modules, which means you
get a lot of stuff for free. So let’s look at
and concatenation. In other words, take
replace variable names with shorter ones, and then just
is smaller, making it faster to download, but
the browser also has fewer files to download. To achieve this, you
can use the uglify task. You define which files
to minify and merge, and it just takes
care of it for you. cssmin and htmlmin will do the
same thing for CSS and HTML. Another common problem
area is image optimization. When you run PageSpeed
Insights, it looks at your site and basically checks
whether any of the images are larger than they need
to be, and in the guidelines it will recommend jpegoptim,
which is a command line tool which strips out any
metadata from the image files, and can lead to some really
impressive reductions in file size. And when I say it
strips out metadata, I mean things like which camera
was used to take the photo. It’s not needed for a
browser to render the image to just get rid of it. So to add this to your
build process, use imagemin for raster images, and
svgmin for vectors. And svgmin will strip out white
space, and any unnecessary tags and attributes from
your SVG files. The second set of problems
falls into the category of page structure. Now, I don’t know about
the head of my page before. The problem with this
is that the browser will start to pass the
document, and as it reads the HTML
tag, the head tag, it will eventually
reach your script tag, and this is where you’ll
see the screen of bad times. Nothing. The reason the page
manipulate the DOM and CSS. So the browser needs to go
it once it’s downloaded. This is just in case the
script changes a DOM or CSS. And it’s only after
page can continue rendering. So to avoid this delay,
the body element. This way the browser can
pass and render the page up to this point,
at the very end. An alternative and
slightly more performant technique is to use
the async attribute. Now, what async does
is it tells the browser to download and excuse the
slightly more performant is the browser doesn’t need
to wait on the DOM and CSS to be loaded before it can
careful, because it means you can’t rely on the DOM,
might require you to think a little differently
structure woe is CSS. When we add a CSS link tag,
the rendering of the page will block much like
the HTML tag, into the head, read to CSS, and boom. We’ll hit the sad
screen of nothing. The browser has no
choice but to do this. It has to download the CSS
before it can start anything, otherwise the user would
see unstyled content followed by just a flash of
all the CSS’s as it’s loaded, and everything is styled. The fix for this can
be quite involved, and there’s a lot of caveats,
each with their own pros and cons. If you have a relatively small
amount of CSS for a page, you can in line it
directly into the HTML, removing any requests
for a CSS file, and allowing the
page to be rendered as soon as the HTML is loaded. If you have a large
amount of CSS, however, you could in line just
above the full CSS so the browser can render
the most important content, and then the load the of
meaning if it’s switched off, you won’t get the
additional styles. With both inlining
techniques, you also lose the ability to cache
the CSS files, which could be a big loss if
you have styles shared across multiple
pages, in which case it might be worth splitting
out the styles to CSS files so you can cache
them, and inlining any unique styles for each page. Ultimately, test it and see
what works best for your site. The final element of
the page load gotchas is server side tweaks. Jumping straight in,
let’s look at caching. When the browser makes a request
for a file from your server, it should always return a
cache control max age header. This is what tells the browser
to cache a file for how long, meaning the next time
a user visits your page and it needs a file, it doesn’t
need to download it again. It’s just good to
go from the cache. When it comes to caching,
there are a few things you need to ask yourself. First, how long can
I cache my files for? Second, how do I
actually get my server to return this cache
control max age header? And thirdly, what do I do
when I need to change a file? Answering the first
question of how long do I cache my files
for, I personally found HTML5 Boilerplate to
be a good source of guidance. If you look at HTML5
Boilerplate’s HD access file, there are a number
of caching rules to finding the caching period
depending on the type of file. Here’s a snippet of the file. We’ve got CSS and
cached for a month, and HTML isn’t cached at all. Now, this is just a guideline. You may want to cache
your images for a year, you may want to cache your
HTML for 30 minutes to an hour, just so that any user hopping
backwards and forwards between pages gets
a smooth experience. If you’re using Apache
to host your site, then you can just
use this HD access file to implement
the caching rules. If you’re using a
different server, then check out the
documentation on how you can add these headers. Now, chances are
you’re going to want to change some of these files
before the cache expires, in which case consider
adding a build step to revision your file names. This way, there
won’t be any issue with older versions
of files being used. filerev is an example
task designed specifically for this use case, and can
even be used with other modules to replace file names
in your HTML and CSS so it’s pointing to
the revision file. The final thing to enable
on your server is GZip. If you’ve not come
across this before, it’s supported by all
browsers, and it’s an incredibly powerful
tool for compressing any text based assets. There are some
huge wins to be had with compression
rates up to 80%. Now, how you enable this
will depend on your server, but the gains are big for
a relatively small amount of work. I recently got this
working on my Nginx server, and it was as simple
as just adding GZip on. So those are the three
most common problem areas raised by PageSpeed Insights. Build times fixes, page
structure, and server side tweaks. Now, these aren’t the only
tools to help with performance, so if you’re looking for
more tips, or just curious about what other tools
exist, I strongly recommend checking out this
blog post by Addy Osmani. It includes many of
the tools mentioned in this video in
much more detail. Hopefully this has
been a useful insight into how you can improve your
site’s load time performance. I challenge you to get 100
points on your PageSpeed score. Cheers.
3-1. WALKER HACKENSACK, A SWEEP AT HOME OVER CROSBY IRONTON.>>BEMIDJI GIRLS SOCCER TAKING ON THE WINLESS CROOKSTON PIRATES. FIRST HALF, BEMIDJI ALREADY UP 2 NIL. SAM HANSEN COLLECTS THE BALL AND FIRES IT FROM LONG RANGE. IT GOES IN FOR A 3 GOAL LEAD. LATER IN THE 15TH MINUTE, HALLE SOLIEN TAKING IT HERSELF, LAUNCHES AN ARCHING SHOT, BEAUTIFUL BALL FINDS THE BACK OF THE NET. BEMIDJI GOES ON TO WIN THIS ONE 7-NIL. THEY HEAD OFF TO EAST GRAND
[Soccer Youth] What’s going on? Little dap. It’s Jared
Montz former pro and founder of OnlineSoccerAcademy.com. Soccer Workout Exercises! Today we are doing
a 30 minute soccer drills training session focusing on building leg strength. It is just
a great soccer exercises session! Come on!! You will need one ball. Soccer Exercises Session:
0-5 minutes: Warm Up. Jog, side shuffle, karoke, stretching,
etc. [Silence] [Soccer How to Play the Game] [Soccer For Youth] [Silence] [Silence] 5-10 minutes:
One legged hops for 30 seconds then switch feet. Then feet juggle for 30 seconds. That’s
one rep. Repeat 3 times. [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] 10-15 minutes:
10 single leg squats then switch legs. Thigh juggle for 30 seconds. That’s one rep. Repeat
3 times. [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] 15-20 minutes:
Little jumps with header jumps. Small jump or two then big jump for a header. Do this
for 30 seconds. Then juggle any style you want for 30 seconds. Repeat this process 5
times. [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] 20-25 minutes:
Wall squats. Squat for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Do what your body can handle. Then rest for
equal time that you stayed in the wall squat position. So if you squatted for 35 seconds,
rest for 35 seconds. Repeat this process for 5 minutes. [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] 25-30 minutes:
Tricks! Take 5 minutes and work on different juggling pick up tricks, tricks in the air
or juggling combos like foot, thigh, head, thigh, foot head. You be creative here! [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] [Silence] *If you want to extend the training session
time then add on time to any section you want extra work on. *Make sure to finish with cool down and stretching.
If you are up for it add on a few sit ups and push ups! Hope you enjoyed this Online Soccer Academy
training video. Like, rate and share this video if you did and don’t forget to Subscribe
on YouTube or become a member for free at OnlineSoccerAcademy.com. Players all over
the world use it and you can do game reviews and track your progress! Post a comment; let
me know what you think and how it worked for you? My name is Jared Montz and Remember if
you Believe in it® and back that up with hard work, anything in life is possible! Believe
Shahid Afridi First Cricketer in Pakistan international Cricket
🔴 LIVE : India VS Australia – Live cricket match today | gtv live
Today me and Marius are going to perform during the match between Real Madrid and Vålerenga It´s a friendly match at Ullevål stadium, and we just heard that it´s sold out It´s going to be the biggest live performance I´ve done so far … and Marius have never performed at Ullevål Stadium before, so this is going to be an amazing experience! Hopefully we will meet some of the players We are so excited! 2 hours before kick off Short rehearsal … you can meet us at the ticket office Ok, I see We already left so we will be there soon I´m not moving, just adjusting the steering wheel from side to side … there was no more space, the car could barely fit in Come on guys! Come over here They are watering the pitch over there now, then they will move to the middle. After that you guys can go out Come over here Marius Thank you very much! You can go out now, then they will start the music It would be nice if you could go inside now Gareth Bale …. I had to turn around. But I think they are happy with us …I landed the pop up transition, and the one where I´m going down. Yes It was so cool! I´m the doorman (The mayor of Oslo):P Thanks Tobias Can I take a picture with you