Articles, Blog

The Rules of Ice Hockey – EXPLAINED!

August 17, 2019

Ninh explains the RULES OF ICE HOCKEY The objective of the game is for your team
to score more goals than the opposing team. To score a goal, a player must hit the puck
– Which is a 4 inch disc of rubber, completely
across the goal line and into the goal. If the puck doesn’t cross the line, it doesn’t
count. The ice surface itself is 200ftx85ft in North
America and 60mx30m internationally The game starts with a Face Off – where
the puck is dropped between two opposing players at center ice. A faceoff is used to re-start
play and can happen at one of the 8 other faceoff dots on the ice.
Ice hockey is played with two teams of 20, with six (6) players on the ice at any one
time. They consist of 3 forwards, 2 defenders and
1 goaltender. There are an unlimited amount of substitutions
in this game and they can happen at any time. The game is played in 3 x 20 minute periods,
for a total playing time of 60 minutes. Highest score at the end of time wins. That sounds easy enough to understand?
Well, that’s the most simplistic way of looking at it. But Ice hockey is filled with things that
you can and cannot do. And should you break one of these rules, you
will serve a time penalty leaving your team with one less player, and your opponents with
a man-advantage. The team with the man advantage is on the
‘Powerplay’, and this makes it easier to score a goal as there is one less player
to defend the net. The team with a man in the penalty box is
on the ‘Penalty Kill’ and usually they defend like crazy until the time of the penalty
expires. The length of the time of the penalty depends
on the infraction made: These Minor infractions results in two minute
penalties. Hooking, slashing, delay of game, interference,
goaltender interference, tripping, roughing, elbowing, boarding, cross checking, charging,
holding, high sticking, kneeing, check from behind, spearing, unsportsmanlike conduct,
too many men on the ice. When a goal is scored by the team on the powerplay,
the penalty time is cut short and the player is let out of the penalty box.
These Major infractions results in 5 minute penalties.
Fighting, charging, hit from behind, and hits to the head
Unlike Minor penalties, a major penalty has to be served in full, even if the other team
scores. And these Misconduct infractions results in
10 minute penalties. Any minor penalty with intent to injure, any
unsportsmanlike conduct towards officials. As with a Major Penalty, the player has to
serve the full 10 minutes in full even if the other team scores.
There is one other infraction: the Game Misconduct – which results in a player being ejected
from the entire game. There’s a few other rules you’ll need
to understand before going to a game. For example: Penalty Shot
A penalty shot is rewarded to the offensive player if they obstruct the player enough
so they do not shoot properly. A shooter will start from Centre Ice and try
and score against the defending goalie. On a penalty shot, the shooter starts from centre
ice and is only allowed one shot, even if there is a rebound. Offside
The puck must completely cross you’re opponents blue line before any players on your team.
If a player crosses the blue line before the puck, it’s offside and results in a faceoff
in your end of the ice. This is to prevent you keeping players in front of the opposing
goalie for the entire game. Icing
Icing is when you shoot the puck across two red lines, the red centre line and your opponents
goal line. If you are caught icing, this will result
in a Faceoff being taken at your end of the ice.
This rule is to prevent teams from just dumping the puck and making it a boring. Draw or Tie
In international rules – if both teams at the end of the three periods have the same
amount of goals, the game is a draw or a tie. Overtime
In North American rules – If the game is tied after the three periods, there is a sudden
death overtime period; meaning, if a goal is scored during this period, the game is
over. Shootout
If the game is still tied after the overtime period, a shootout commences.
Each team will have three (3) shooters. The team with the best out of three shots will
win the game. If after the three shooters the game is still tied, its moves to a sudden
death shootout; meaning the next shootout goal without reply wins. That’s a lot to take in, but as you watch
or play ice hockey, the rules will become second nature.
Enjoy ice hockey. Ninh Ly,, @NinhLyUK


  • Reply My_Fat_Octopus November 2, 2017 at 4:51 pm

    Fighting is allowed in the nhl

  • Reply Gertruda Jordan November 5, 2017 at 3:54 pm

    Do Floorball Rules

  • Reply BH22 November 5, 2017 at 10:08 pm

    Just saying substitute is not a thing in ice hockey it's called a line change

  • Reply Lukas Sargolini November 5, 2017 at 10:22 pm


  • Reply chris Dolan November 5, 2017 at 10:36 pm

    There a nine face off positions

  • Reply micahthegamer November 7, 2017 at 9:04 pm

    I play ice hockey so i already know the rules but still very entaring video

  • Reply Evan Dicks November 7, 2017 at 9:05 pm

    Why am I watching this I have been playing Hockey since I was 4

  • Reply Adrian Turner November 9, 2017 at 12:25 am

    Cool beans

  • Reply Cameron Thorpe November 9, 2017 at 2:03 am

    Offsides aren't taken in your end of the ice there taken at the red dot outside of the blue line

  • Reply jb318 November 12, 2017 at 4:52 am

    Good vid thanks

  • Reply Abbovic 7 November 12, 2017 at 12:16 pm

    2:26 there is two different Offsides and the one you take up in this video is the offside where the face off is just outside the blue line and not down in your side!

  • Reply Costas Tsangaris November 14, 2017 at 6:47 pm

    You didn't mention how big are the nets.

  • Reply Patoren 3gou November 25, 2017 at 12:16 am

    1:13 SO THAT’s what a power play is

    It’s been driving me crazy forever

  • Reply Anton Hänström December 2, 2017 at 9:44 am

    We have overtime in Europe too, no game ends with a tie

  • Reply arch3223 December 4, 2017 at 7:11 am

    I've watched a lot of your videos about different sports. This is the first one I watched when I actually knew the sport.

  • Reply Haritz Faiz January 20, 2018 at 1:14 am

    wow its like an european football isn't it?

  • Reply Provniciaal _ January 24, 2018 at 6:10 am

    I did practice and I slipped without ice or any of that. I just looked at the puck and slipped with no touching

  • Reply Benjamin Heppenstall January 25, 2018 at 9:50 pm

    substitutions can't happen if the icing rule was infringed

  • Reply LiQuid InHAiler January 30, 2018 at 11:29 pm

    if you have to watch this video, I already know you're not canadian :p

  • Reply Triziah E. February 4, 2018 at 6:22 pm

    I love your videos but could you make more videos grading them beginner to expert or something …like with every video go more in depth?

  • Reply Erik Regala February 13, 2018 at 2:48 am

    Yay I found a video to send to my friends who don't understand the rules. I always have a hard time explaining the rules to them.

  • Reply PAPER February 14, 2018 at 5:26 am

    Why am I watching this. I play hockey weekly.

  • Reply TIME BOMB RAVIOLA February 17, 2018 at 1:47 pm

    helps me with this dumb olympic project were doing in school thank you

  • Reply Eyüphan Yıldırım February 19, 2018 at 4:28 pm


  • Reply Master Chef February 23, 2018 at 1:03 pm

    1. A team on a power play is allowed to ice.
    2. After an offside is called the face-off is taken in the neutral zone, at the dot closest to where the offside was called.

    Great video 😊

  • Reply robert henderson February 25, 2018 at 1:44 am

    This is useful information. Any other rules or "common sense" for ice hockey? I've gone to a few ice hockey games and had no idea on the basic rules or "common sense" for ice hockey.

  • Reply Jay Manuel February 28, 2018 at 6:01 pm

    But why the fight like thugs?

  • Reply ray finkle March 3, 2018 at 10:41 am

    I like NHL cos its like AFL, but on ice. Takes a lot of skill and very physical

  • Reply DarkForrest Gaming March 12, 2018 at 8:30 pm

    I like it when it’s a power play because of the announcer

  • Reply CHICKEN March 23, 2018 at 5:12 am

    Lol you used Jin Kazama's theme from Tekken 3 as background music.

  • Reply Omar Ali March 23, 2018 at 9:22 pm

    good video

  • Reply finn boyyiii March 27, 2018 at 4:38 am

    Does not when it is offside start on the dot nearest where it became (sorry for bad english)

  • Reply Alex Jones April 20, 2018 at 7:29 am

    Bro you missed double minors

  • Reply Arvin Daniel April 20, 2018 at 10:12 pm

    I like how you used the Tekken 3 background music in this video.

  • Reply Edmonton Boy April 29, 2018 at 5:42 am

    This is pretty much how I understand this more than American Football.

  • Reply Faris Ibrahim May 8, 2018 at 1:02 am

    Also if a player from the defending team other that the goalkeeper covers the pick with their glove, a penalty shot is awarded for the attacking team

  • Reply T N May 14, 2018 at 10:13 am

    If it's Intentional offside, the video has it right. Otherwise yes, the faceoff will be at the dot just outside the blue line on the side where the infraction occurred.

  • Reply Aramonde Hasashi May 14, 2018 at 10:45 am

    Best sport in the world!

  • Reply Minnesota Arctic Blast May 15, 2018 at 12:26 am

    now your talking the greatest sport on earth !!

  • Reply Minnesota Arctic Blast May 15, 2018 at 12:40 am

    hey Ninh , how about the rules of Ringett , Rink hockey, inline hockey !! great work keep it up !

  • Reply Michael Rudolph May 15, 2018 at 2:35 pm

    You forgot that in North America one OT period then a shootout only during the regular season. During the playoffs OT periods keep going till there is a clear winner. Also during a shootout after the 3rd set of shooters and it is still tied. The team shooting first scores the team shooting last still have one chance to tie it back up, but if the team shooting last scores then it is over right away.

  • Reply VaporousPage9 May 16, 2018 at 7:09 pm

    Being a Canadian and having played all my life this video did a pretty poor job of explaining the game of hockey

  • Reply noobahead May 25, 2018 at 9:08 pm

    Also the icing rule for crossing two lines or more doesn't apply all the time, sometimes and for some reason it can be called an icing if it crosses only 1 line. Also you should've mentioned if you team doesn't touch the puck in their zone while they cross before the puck crosses, it is not an offsides until they have touched it.

  • Reply HooDatDonDar May 26, 2018 at 3:28 pm

    Here is a simple summary, from MAD magazine, late ‘60’s:

    Hockey Rules are very simple:
    Any Player can skate past both Blue Lines
    Unless he doesn't have the Puck,
    In which case he can skate past his own Blue Line only
    And wait for the man with the Puck
    Who can skate past Blue Lines
    Unless another teammate
    Skate past the second Blue Line first,
    In which case the other teammate must go back
    Unless he gets the Puck,
    In which case the first teammate must go back.
    Isn't that simple?
    Do you know who wrote Hockey's "Blue Line" rules?
    The same man who wrote "The Dead Sea Scrolls"!
    If you are very good
    Some day we will tell you about the three RED lines

  • Reply Ruben T June 10, 2018 at 4:53 pm


  • Reply What The Fluff Gaming July 3, 2018 at 2:21 pm

    You can ice the puck if the other team is on the power play

  • Reply 2B July 3, 2018 at 11:49 pm

    Thank you! I'll be watching hockey this season for the first time. Moving away from basketball for now.

  • Reply Jonathan Itong July 21, 2018 at 10:35 am

    how about the code?

  • Reply Tommy Evers July 29, 2018 at 3:19 pm

    He left out that you can ice if your a man short, that any penalty which draws blood is a game misconduct, the goalie trapezoid in NA rules, pulling the Goalie and many others but all in all good video

  • Reply GTM Will July 31, 2018 at 3:18 am

    Im getting into hockey becouse demarcus cousins joined the worriors

  • Reply Mirza Ahmed September 4, 2018 at 8:31 pm

    Fighting is a major penalty? Do they ever enforce it?

  • Reply Vikrant Bhujbal September 7, 2018 at 4:15 pm

    Thank you. It explained a lot

  • Reply Coordinator September 10, 2018 at 11:02 pm

    Ninh and I spoke about this already. He won't explain every single rule. There is no need to correct any mistakes.

  • Reply Lydia Bee September 12, 2018 at 1:21 am

    Gawd! He talks way too fast.

  • Reply Adam Comedy October 8, 2018 at 1:21 pm

    I'm 21 and just thought I'd start doing hockey. Some people started when they were like 4 but fuck it, it's never too late to starting

  • Reply Apple Juice October 8, 2018 at 9:30 pm

    There a 9 faceoff dots. If puck or a high touch takes place on the neutral zone closest to the center dot it will take place there.

  • Reply Archer K November 6, 2018 at 5:52 pm

    Good video but Ice Hockey makes me cringe. It's just Hockey.

  • Reply Tran Thai Son November 10, 2018 at 8:32 am


  • Reply Fizzy November 12, 2018 at 4:00 am

    Cheers mate! My father is a Detroit red wings fan and I love going to see games but I get confused often because there’s so many different penalties. Sadly we live in Arizona and don’t get to go to games very often mostly because the coyotes suck and he’s a die hard Detroit fan… thank you for the info in a concise and easy to understand video. ☺️

  • Reply Bennett Schmidt November 18, 2018 at 3:49 am

    9 face-off dots

  • Reply jin6000 November 25, 2018 at 7:18 am

    Thank you for this!

  • Reply Joel B November 27, 2018 at 3:13 am

    Great video! You pretty much covered everything about hockey. However, you should make a second video that is more about penalties for people who are new to this awesome sport. Keep it up!

  • Reply skynatkee November 30, 2018 at 2:47 am

    Where are DBL-Minors?

  • Reply The Legendary E November 30, 2018 at 4:14 am

    I watched goon and wanted to learn how to play lol

  • Reply Jose Daniel Arango December 8, 2018 at 3:33 am

    You should make one of under water hockey

  • Reply Stannis Baratheon December 9, 2018 at 9:26 am

    Footage from Sochi 2014. Russian team was full of steroids and yet lost to US. How embarrassing.

  • Reply marine king December 9, 2018 at 9:30 am

    Thanks for the video, I just moved to Canada and was completely lost on ice hockey games (even though I enjoy them a lot). What would be a good follow up to this video so I can deepen my understanding? Thanks.

  • Reply Kimberly Walters December 11, 2018 at 10:51 pm

    Come someone explain to me for penalty shots … What does it mean to be obstructed before you can shoot? I'm just not understanding what he means by that.

  • Reply Unsane the wizard December 17, 2018 at 1:02 am


  • Reply Tank Engine December 17, 2018 at 6:48 am

    thumbs up for the tekken 3 music

  • Reply Blep Meme December 22, 2018 at 5:00 am

    Hey guys! I'm a 14 year old girl and I'm not really into sports, however the NHL has definitely intrigued me. I look forward to watching more games and possibly learning more about ice hockey in the future!

  • Reply Dylan Rogers December 24, 2018 at 7:33 pm

    You forgot a double minor penalty *

  • Reply marine king December 31, 2018 at 1:19 pm

    New to hockey here. Why sometimes there's no horn when there's a goal? Is it because the horn is only for the home team's goals?

  • Reply Alex T5 January 5, 2019 at 2:40 pm


  • Reply Arthur Channell January 6, 2019 at 8:44 am

    One addition to icing. At least in North American rules, if a team is called for icing, the face off is in the offending teams end AND the offending team can not make any substitutions during that particular stoppage in play.

  • Reply Karl Singleton January 12, 2019 at 3:17 am

    Hey Ninh, who is your NHL team?

  • Reply Linda Ondellmn January 20, 2019 at 8:36 pm


  • Reply Evan Cooley February 4, 2019 at 1:00 am

    Ninh Ly thank you for a wonderful video. I learned a ton. You earned my sub. Keep it up! 😊💯

  • Reply zane22 February 5, 2019 at 7:23 pm

    Who is here to learn more about hockey after NHL played Sweet Victory when NFL couldn't?

  • Reply Shwelpz Gonzalez February 25, 2019 at 8:38 pm


  • Reply KennedyYoung April 7, 2019 at 11:56 pm

    This made me understand what was happening when me and my boyfriend went to a hockey game😂😂😂😂❤️

  • Reply lude ! April 16, 2019 at 1:00 pm

    Still cant figure out how usa won the womens finals

  • Reply Justin Matthew April 18, 2019 at 11:00 am

    So there's an ice version of hockey? You learn something new every day

  • Reply Hispanic Hockey April 22, 2019 at 9:43 pm

    GO KINGS GO!👑🏒

  • Reply Da Spawts Pope April 26, 2019 at 6:03 pm

    Know body cars about the hockey. Back afta this!

  • Reply ellamennop April 26, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    slight correction, not universally true that substitutions can happen at any time. in the nhl when a team ices the puck, they are not allowed to change their players

  • Reply Poop April 28, 2019 at 7:50 am

    In some leagues (in the NHL I think) you can’t substitute after an icing

  • Reply Peter Wilson May 1, 2019 at 11:44 pm

    Things missed

    1. Double minor rules/penalty’s
    2. No icing while short handed
    3. The fact you can hit
    4.5 on 3
    5.getting a penalty in O.T
    6. You only get a penalty shot when your on a breakaway and you get tripped or they slash your stick out of your hand
    7. You can’t kick it in the net but if it deflects off your skate and you don’t purposely move your skate so it goes in it’s still a goal
    8. You can catch the puck but you can’t close your glove on it or throw it or skate around with it in your hand
    9. You can’t change when you ice the puck
    10.Why the faceoff happens and why they are where they are
    11. Your aloud to fight

  • Reply John Lee May 6, 2019 at 7:02 pm

    Spearing is a major penalty an 99 times out of 100 it goes with an automatic ejection and is put to nhl rules official for suspension hearing

  • Reply Steven Zakin May 8, 2019 at 3:54 am

    There are nine face off dots including center ice

  • Reply Vimesh Garan May 16, 2019 at 5:49 am

    inline hockey

  • Reply Darnell Robinson-Johnson May 21, 2019 at 2:37 am

    Good video

  • Reply Danny Hipolitø May 24, 2019 at 3:23 am

    0:15 the Ice Rink used in the Chicago Blackhawks games isn't the same size as a Winter Olympic sized Rink? That's something I'll remember when I get invited to a Blackhawks game

  • Reply Oofus Doofus May 29, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Ngl, I’m only here because I’m moving Canada and I think I’d get killed if I don’t like or know ice hockey 😭😂

  • Reply Sun Down June 7, 2019 at 11:03 pm

    Loving the Jin Kazama theme from Tekken 3 by the way. It's argueably the last time the series had soul.

  • Reply Frostykilz July 5, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    Awesome video

  • Reply crnlsnts 4 July 12, 2019 at 8:33 am

    There's one rule in NHL fighting yes two players will fight each other for whatever the reason gloves off and helmets off and if one of them falls down in the ice the ref will jump in to stop the fight.

  • Reply Kenny Cai August 7, 2019 at 12:49 am

    My favorite sport of all time, even though I live in a hot and humid location. (I picked up interest when I was in the US a few years ago, it's a long story.)

  • Reply Anita Ahr August 12, 2019 at 4:38 pm

    WHY CANT I UNDERSTAND BASEBALL OR HOCKEY just saying I still like hockey hehe

  • Reply Coordinator August 13, 2019 at 9:05 pm

    Our league is the only pro sports league out of any in the United States to belong to Canada.

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